Medical Conditions & Dry Eye Disease
High Blood Pressure
While high blood pressure itself does not cause dry eye disease the medications most commonly used to treat it can. Beta-blockers and diuretics can both cause your eyes to produce less tears leading to dry eye disease.
Diabetes can have an effect on the the peripheral nervous system. The nerves in our cornea tell the eye when it is dry or needs extra hydration (like on a windy day). When a person has had diabetes for a prolonged period or hte blood sugar levels are fluctuating this causes an interruption between those corneal nerves and tear production.
Rheumatoid Arthritis, Lupus & Sjogren's Syndrome
Any underlying inflammatory conditions can adversely affect the meibomian glands responsible for tear production. Those same antibodies that attack your joints are what make your eye unable to produce normal tears.
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machines are especially drying. No matter how good of a fit you may think you have air tends to leak out and dry the ocular surface while sleeping at night. Think of it like driving with the vents aimed directly at your eyes .
The best way to combat this is to use an ophthalmic ointment at night along with a chamber mask. The ointment provides much needed lubrication while the mask creates a moisture chamber to prevent chronic dry eye symptoms.
We recommend the use of both to reduce the risk of developing chronic dry eye symptoms such as red eyes, a red rim look around the eyes, gritty/sandy sensation and eyes that constantly water.