What Causes Dry Eye Disease?

Many factors can influence a person's inability to keep the ocular surface hydrated and the vision in focus. 

These include (and are not limited to): 

Gender & Age: Women are more likely to develop dry eye. This is due to hormonal changes during pregnancy and menopause and the use of oral contraceptives. As with many conditions age plays a large role in developing dry eyes. The majority of people over the age of 65 experience some symptoms of dry eye.

Medications: Many medications have dry eye listed as a side effect. Anti-histamines, decongestants, blood pressure medications and anti-depressants are just a few classes of medications that cause tear production to be reduced.

Medical Conditions: Underlying systemic conditions can cause a variety or problems with tear production. Most commonly rheumatoid arthritis, rosacea, blepharitis, thyroid issues and diabetes can severely increase inflammation leading to poor quality and decreased tears. Sjogren's syndrome is an immune disorder that can lead to severe dry eye.

Environment: Computer use, allergens, contact lens wear, wind, sun & smoke can all exacerbate dry eye conditions and symptoms

Cosmetic Products: With so many different cosmetic products out there with harmful ingredients it's nearly impossible to determine what is best for keeping your tears beautiful.

Refractive & Cataract Surgery: Laser vision correction and cataract surgery can increase a patient's risk of suffering from dry eyes. If you are considering a surgical procedure it is imperative dry eye issues are addressed prior to surgery to give you the best outcome possible

Click on each link to learn more about these causes

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